Human Resource Development in the 21st Century
From the days of 1970’s when the word human resource development came into being in the book ‘Developing Human Resources’ by Leonard Nadler to the day today- human resources have come a long way.
The human resource development is all about the synchronization of the overall energies of the employees and converging into the organization as the contributors to the realization of the mission, values, vision, and goals. Development is all about active learning processesfrom the systematic development to the experience-leading purpose of person, body, spirit, and person. The human resource managementmeansthe training, organizational development, career and organizational effectiveness.
Features of the Human Resource Management:
Systematic Approach: The human resources organizations the world over are clambering under the umbrella protection that human resource planning and leadership skills training provide to them. It makes the future setting of the goals and objectives planned at organizational as well as the individual levels.
Continuous Process:Till the employee gets retired, the organizations have to train them. The top performers have to be made to undergo leadership development programs for space that becomes vacated when top leaders in an organization retire.
Multi-disciplinary Subject: It’sa combination of different disciplines working in tandem. Some of these disciplines it has derived its inputs from are engineering, management, economics, commerce, medicine, and behavioral science.
All-Pervasive: It has become such a vast subject that it encompasses the human resource planning and the development of leadership skills. The human resources organizations globally try to build such parameters of excellence that give birth to an effective human resources officer.
Techniques: The stream is the embodiment of processes and techniques of performance appraisal, management development, counseling, career planning, quality circles, and participation of workers forexemplary leadership development and human resource planning.
Scope of the Human Resource Management:
- Selection and recruitment of employees in order to know their capabilities and the improvement of the skills through additional training
- Offering performance counseling to the employees and conducting the performance interviews by the superiors
- Career development and planning programs
- The effective participation of the employees in different activities
- The learning of the employee through empowerment, job enrichment, job rotation, group dynamics, social and religious programs and interactions
- The leadership development of the employees through behavioral and managerial skills
Objectives of the Human Resource Management:
The primary human resources management objective is the development of the people in an organizational landscape. It caters to the:
Equity: There must be equality in between the employees irrespective of religion, language, creed, and caste.
Employability: For robust skills training of the employees, the leadership skills training is very essential. It helps the organizations leverage the employee competencies after making them learn new concepts.
Adaptability: There is the need of continuous training of the employees with the leadership skills training to align their adaptability to the changing needs of the organizations.